The Great World War II Test Answers
1. How did the Quonset hut get its name? They were made at Quonset Point, RI.
2. What was it modeled after? They were fashioned after the earlier British Nissen hut.
3. In World War II, what were replacement depots called by the GIs?
They were fondly referred to as "repple depples."
4. What were the three squadrons that participated in the Ploiesti raid?
The 67th Bombardment Squadron, the 329th and the 409th.
5. What was the last major U.S. warship sunk in World War II?
On July 30, 1945, the cruiser Indianapolis was sunk by a Japanese submarine. Not many people were told of the ship's sinking because it was not known to be at sea: It had just completed a top-secret mission, delivering the first atomic bomb to Tinian in the Marianas.
6. True or false. The five Sullivan brothers went down with their ship.
False. On November 13, 1942, they were crew members on the USS Juneau when a Japanese submarine hit the cruiser amidships with a torpedo. Navy propaganda said that they went down with the ship. But actually one of the brothers managed to get into rubber life rafts with some 140 other members of the crew. They were adrift at sea for many days. Only ten of the crew survived; the others died of thirst and exposure.
7. What was the first American aircraft carrier to be sunk in World War II?
The USS Lexington was sunk May 8, 1942, in the Battle of Coral Sea. Attacked by Japanese aircraft, it was hit by two torpedoes and three bombs. The ensuing fires below decks were out of control and the ship was abandoned. 2700 seamen were rescued; 216 were killed.
8. Who actually sunk her?
After the Lexington was abandoned, the destroyer Phelps fired two torpedoes to sink her.
9. What do the letters for the personnel carrier DUKW stand for?
D=Year of design (1942)
K=All wheel drive
W=Dual rear axles
10. Where was the Russian T-34 tank designed?
Although built in the USSR, the T-34 tank was designed in the United States.
11. What were the "screaming meemies?"
The "screaming meemies" were rockets fired from a nebelwerfer, a six-barreled rocket launcher whose bombs wailed as they flew through the air.
12. What was the first European city to be liberated in World War II, and by whom?
Tver (formerly known as Kalinin), Russia was liberated by
the Russian Army on December 16, 1941 led by Marshal Georgi K. Zhukov.
The first city in Western Europe: The British 8th Army under Montgomery took Syracuse, Sicily (on the eastern side of the island) relatively unopposed on the 10th and the American 7th Army under Patton took Gela, Sicily (on the western side of the island) also on the 10th. If you said Palermo, Sicily on July 23, 1943 by Patton we'll give you credit. :O)
13. On whose grave marker is inscribed, "At This Spot the 77th Infantry Division Lost a Buddy. [FILL IN NAME]. 18 April 1945."? Ernie Pyle.
14. What was the GIs reply to the British saying, "The trouble with you Yanks is that you're overpaid, oversexed, and over here."?
"You're sore because you're underpaid, undersexed, and under Eisenhower."
15. What did the letters "WOW" stand for? Woman Ordinance Worker.
16. What was the first U.S. all-black division formed in World War II?
93rd Infantry Division.
17. Who was "Rosie the Riveter" named after?
The term was named after an actual factory worker named Rosina Bonavita. The term caught on and was immortalized in song.
18. What was the name of the first liberty ship launched? S.S. Patrick Henry
19. What was the name of the last liberty ship launched? S.S. Benjamin Warner
20. What company had the largest tank factory in the U.S.? Chrysler
21. How many tanks were produced at this factory?
Chrysler produced 25,000 tanks during the war.
22. Who was the first Allied soldier killed in action on D-Day?
Leutenant "Den" Brotheridge, a glider troop of the British Airborne "Pathfinders", was killed taking their objective, "Pegasus Bridge", near Rainville, France. They were successful in capturing the bridge intact which was essential for the Allied invasion force to break out of the Normandy beachhead.
23. Who were the first three U.S. generals to land in Normandy?
Maj. Gen. Matthew B. Ridgway, Commander 82nd Airborne Div.; Brig. Gen. James M. Gavin, Assistant Division Commander 82nd Airborne; and Maj. Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, Commander 101st Airborne.
24. What was the Japanese signal to put Operational Order Number 1 into effect?
On December 2, 1941, the Japanese Imperial Command sent the signal, "Climb Mount Niitaka" to set in motion the attack on Pearl Harbor.
25. What was "Axis Sally's" real name? Mildred Elizabeth (Midge) Gillars
26. Where was she from? Native of Portland, Maine. Student at Ohio Wesleyan.
27. What did the GIs call her?
"The Bitch of Berlin" to the Americans and less crudely "The Bride of Lord Haw-Haw" (William Joyce) to the British.
28. What happened to her after the war?
She was tried and convicted of treason and served 12 years in a federal reformatory. After her release, she went on to teach music in Columbus, Ohio. In 1988, she died at the age of 87.
29. What breed of dog did Eisenhower get in early 1944? A Scottie puppy.
30. What was its name? Telek.
31. What was it named after?
A country cottage called "Telegraph Cottage" where Eisenhower set up Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force near London.
32. How much did Eisenhower smoke? Four packs of Camel (non-filtered) per day.
33. What did the term "FLAK" come from?
The name for antiaircraft fire came from the German "Flieger Abweher Kanone."
34. What U.S. Navy submarine sank the most Japanese tonnage (100,231 tons) of any
U.S. submarine in World War II? The U.S.S. Flasher.
35. What Hollywood actor served as communications officer on the aircraft carrier
U.S.S. Lake Champlain in the closing days of the war. Jack Lemmon.
36. What aircraft carrier was nicknamed "the Blue Ghost?"
U.S.S. Lexington (CV-16) which replaced the original U.S.S. Lexington (CV-2) which was sunk. CV-16 was the only carrier not painted in camouflage colors.
37. Who coined the term "The Longest Day" for D-Day? Field Marshall Erwin Rommel.
38. What was "Mary Q?" The name of General Omar Bradley's personal C-47.
39. What was the only American college to lose its entire 1940-1941 eleven-man football team in World War II? Montana State.
40. What was the first commodity to be rationed by the U.S. in World War II? Rubber.
41. What was "Pink Lady?"
Torpedo fluid that PT boat crews drained and distilled into 190 proof alcohol, which they then mixed with grapefruit juice to make a potent drink.
42. What was "Roosevelt Sausage?"
A nickname the Russians gave to Spam, which was shipped to them in tremendous quantities throughout World War II as a part of Lend-Lease.
43. What slogan was made famous by Reader's Digest magazine and used in the 1942 movie Wake Island? "There are no atheists in foxholes."
44. Who did President Gerald Ford pardon on his last day in office on January 19, 1977?
Iva Ikuo Toguri d'Aquino, an American citizen, better known as "Tokyo Rose."
45. Who is the only person ever to receive two Oscars for the same role?
Harold Russell received two Oscars for his role as the handicapped sailor, Homer Parrish, in the 1946 movie The Best Years of Our Lives....one for Best Supporting Actor and one an honorary award.
46. Who invented the amphibious D.U.K.W.?
Hartley Rowe, chief engineer for the United Fruit Company.
47. What did "NATO" stand for in World War II? North African Theater of Operations.
48. How many nations made up the Allies in World War II? 46.
49. What was an "Accolade Certificate?"
An Accolade Certificate was a document sent to the next-of-kin of a serviceman who was killed in action or who died in the performance of his duties.
50. What singer was voted most popular by GIs overseas during World War II?
Roy Acuff. Frank Sinatra was second.
51. What was "Admiral Q?"
It was the code name for President Franklin D. Roosevelt while he was en route to the Casablanca Conference in 1943.
52. What did U.S. Airborne troops have that no other parachute troops in the world had?
53. What was "Allied V-2?" The nickname given by the press to USO singer Dinah Shore.
54. What was the "Aluminum Trail?"
The nickname for the air route over the Himalayas from India to China because of the high number of planes that crashed.
55. What was the Amagiri?
The Japanese destroyer that rammed and sank Lt. John F. Kennedy's PT-109. After Kennedy was elected President of the United States, the captain of the Amagiri sent him a note of apology!
56. What was known as the "Battle of Flowers?"
The "Anschluss" or the Nazi annexation of Austria on March 13, 1938, due to the tremendous welcome the German forces received.
57. What was "Ashcan?"
The code name for the American detention center at Mondorf-les-Bains, Luxembourg, established to hold high-ranking Germans. The British equivalent was called "Dustbin."
58. What was Atlantico? The name of Mussolini's white stallion.
59. Where, and on what date, and under whose command was the U.S. Eighth Air Force activated? Savannah, Georgia, January 28, 1942, under Brig. General Asa N. Duncan.
60. Which U.S. Division was the first of all Allied units to set foot on German soil and to penetrate the Siegfried Line?
5th Armored Division. At 1630 hours on September 11, 1944, a few members of the 2nd Platoon, Troop B, 85th Cavalry Sq. crossed into Germany at Stolzembourg. The reconnaissance patrol consisted of Sgt. Warner W. Holzinger, Cpl. Ralph E. Diven, T/5 Coy T. Locke, Pfc. William McColligan, Pfc. George F. McNeal and Pfc. Jesse Stevens.
61. What were "Married Companies?" (long answer)
The "A" tank companies and "A" infantry companies were paired off. Likewise paired were the "B" companies and the "C" companies. Within the companies, each infantry platoon of five squad-halftracks was paired with a platoon of five medium tanks. Within the platoons, each medium tank crew of five men was paired with its own infantry squad of twelve men. The final result of the "marriage" was a Sherman tank, a halftrack and 17 men who were to eat, sleep and fight together.
62. Who told General George C. Marshall, "The people of China, of the Philippines, of the Dutch East Indies will be watching us. They may excuse failure but they will not excuse abandonment."?
Dwight D. Eisenhower, concerning the fall of the Philippines to the Japanese.
63. What was "L" and where was it located?
"L" was the designator of the largest Japanese espionage ring in the world. It was located in Mexico City.
64. What was the name of the song written by Irving Berlin for the U.S. Navy Relief and introduced by Kate Smith in 1942? I Threw a Kiss in the Ocean
65. What was the "FFI"? French Forces of the Interior, part of the French Resistance.
66. What was a "limpet"?
A time delayed mine that could be attached to the hull of a ship by magnets.
67. Emperor Hirohito would often read what American magazine while in his air raid shelter in Tokyo? National Geographic Magazine
68. Who was Nazi party member number 8672? Joseph Goebbels.
69. What was the "Magic Carpet Fleet?"
The name given to the U.S. Navy carriers that were used at the end of World War II to transport servicemen back to the States.
70. What cartoon character was classified 4F, unfit for military service, for faulty vision?
No, it wasn't Mr. Magoo, it was Superman.
71. What were the four freedoms President Franklin D. Roosevelt listed in his State of the Union speech on January 6, 1941?
Freedom of Speech and Expression
Freedom of Religion
Freedom from Want
Freedom from Fear
72. What was the name of FDR's private railroad car and how much did he pay for it?
Ferdinand Magellan cost FDR one dollar.
73. What was "klim?"
The name given to powdered milk by American forces. It's milk spelled backwards.
74. What were the five neutral European countries during World War II?
Switzerland, Sweden, Spain, Portugal, and Ireland.
75. What was called the "Achilles Heel" of the American defense in World War II?
The Panama Canal.
76. Who was the only German woman to receive the Iron Cross First Class in World War II?
77. What two Nazi war criminals repented their crimes before their deaths?
Hans Frank while imprisoned at Nuremberg and Reinhard Heydrich as he lay dying in 1942.
78. What was "Washing Machine Charlie?"
A Japanese aircraft that flew over Guadalcanal every night at 0330 hours to drop a single bomb on U.S. Marines.
1. "Once war is forced on us, there is no alternative than to apply every available means to bring it to a swift end. War's very object is victory---not prolonged indecision."
General Douglas MacArthur.
2. "Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it." George Santayana.
3. "If we have the power, we'll never give it up again unless we're carried out of our offices as corpses." Joseph Goebbels
4. "I have seen war....I hate war." Franklin D. Roosevelt 14 August 1936.
5. "I saw my enemies at Munich, and they are worms." Adolf Hitler.
6. "Hit hard, hit fast, hit often." Admiral William Halsey.
7. "If a man starts a war, he must have the nerve to bear the consequences."
General Kurt Zeitzler.
8. "No bastard ever won a war by dying for his country. He won it by making the other poor dumb bastard die for his country." General George Patton.
9. "We proved that the antidote to racism is excellence in performance."
Lt. Col. Herbert Carter.
10. "[Roosevelt] lied us into war because he did not have the political courage to lead us into it." Congresswoman Claire Boothe Luce, 1944 campaign.