After Action November 1944

November 1944

After Action November 1944


Headquarters 5th Armored Division
APO No 255
U. S. Army

319.1 GNNJG 7 December 1944

Report After Action against Enemy - November 1944

1. CAMPAIGN: Western Europe,
a, Personnel:

Personnel Officers Enlisted Men Total
Killed In Action 6 37 43
Seriously Wounded In Action 1 27 28
Lightly Wounded In Action 7 171 178
Seriously Injured In Action 0 0 0
Lightly Injured In Action 0 29 29
Missing In Action 0 4 4
Total 14 268 282

b, Vehicular

Type Destroyed or Abandoned Evacuated Carrier
H/T M3 1
Tank, Med. w/75mm Gun 4 2
Truck, 1/4 Ton 4x4. 3 6
Truck, 2 1/2 Ton 6x6 Cargo 2 2
Trailer, 1 Ton Cargo 1
Ambulance, 3/4 Ton, 4x4 1
Total 10 10


Type Expended Loss Due to Enemy Action
Carbine, Cal, .30 7130 7130
Cal, 30 71263 6000
Cal, 45 20980
Cal, 50 36408
60mm 88
81mm 230
37mm 1304
57mm 17
75mm Gun 6120
75mm Howitzer 2398 400
76mm Gun 182
90mm Gun 4871
3" Gun 522
105mm Howitzer 19706
155mm Gun 1397
Grenades (all types) 1011
Rockets, AT 132
Total Tonnage 998.86 5.00




(Letter, Report after Action Against enemy - November 1944, Hq 5th Arnd Div)

4. On 1 November 1944 units or the Division were commanded by the following named officers:

5th Armd Div - MAJ GEN LUNSFORD E OLIVER, 03536, USA
Combat Command "A" - BRIG GEN EUGENE A REGNIER, 08295, USA
Hq & Hq Co, Combat Command "A" - CAPT KARL W ROTH, 01010340, INF
Combat Command "B" - COL JOHN T COLE, 05256, CAV
Hq & Hq Co, Combat Command "B" - CAPT JOE W PERRY, 01012397, INF
5th Armd Div Arty - COL DOUGLAS J PAGE, 04495, FA
Hq & Hq Btry, 5th Armd Div Arty - CAPT NORMAN W CUSICK, 0466787, FA
Reserve Command - COL GLEN H ANDERSON, 08632, INF
Hq Co, 5th Armd Div - CAPT LARRY H GREENWOOD, 01283065, INF

Hq 5th Brmd Div Tn - COL GUSTIN M NELSON, 014512, INF (1-7 Nov 44)
Replaced by LT COL KARL L SCHERER, 018784, CAV, par 1, SO 230, Hq 5th Armd Div, 8-30 Nov 44).

Hq Co 5th Armd Div Tn - CAPT JAMES R BAGWELL, 01011S81, CAV
MP Platoon, 5th Armd Div - MAJ ALEXANDER T NELSEN, 335298, CAV
145th Armd Sig Co - CAPT GLENN A WELDE, 0453447, SG
85th Cav Rcn Sq Mecz - MAJ GEORGE G BENJAMIN, 023422, CAV
10th Tank Bn - LT COL WILLIAM A HAMBERG, 0242156, INF

34th Tank Bn - LT COL KARL L SCHERER, 018784, CAV, (1-8 Nov 44 ).
Relieved per par 1, SO 230, Hq 5th Armd Div, 8 Nov 44;
Succeeded by LT COL WILLIAM L CABNISS, 0293176, INF, (Atchd)

81st Tank Bn - LT COL LE ROY H ANDERSON, 0239452, INF
15th Armd Inf Bn - LT COL GLEN G DICKENSON, 0197385, CAV
46th Armd Inf Bn - MAJ WILLIAM H BURTON, 0366028, INF
47th Armd Inf Bn - LT COL HOWARD E BOYER, 0218680, INF
47th Armd FA Bn - LT CCL JOHN B ROSENZWEIG, 0246291, FA
71st Armd FA Bn- LT COL ISRAEL B WASHBURN, 0235367, FB
95th Armd FA Bn - LT COL JAMES W MC NEER, 0223703, FB
22d Armd Engr Bn - LT COL FRED E RESSEGIEU, 020575, CE
127th Ord Maint Bn - MAJOR ROLAND S BIERSACH, 0318269, ORD
75th Med Bn, Armd - LT COL BENJAMIN H BADER, 0372570, MC


During the month of November the Division did not operate as a Division against the enemy, but on three (3) occasions, however, units of the Division participated in combat operations.

During the period 1 to 5 November, CCB continued patrol action and the defense of a zone in the KALTERHERBERG area, CCB was moved to the- vicinity of NEUDORF, BELGIUM in preparation for action on order of V Corps. The Division established an advance CP in the vicinity of NEUDORF in order to more conveniently control the action of CCA, The remainder of the Division continued in the WAIMES - FAYLONVILLE area with the Division CP in the vicinity of MCDERSCHEID. Training for future operations was continued.

During the period 6 thru 10 November, the Division less CCB, had a defensive holding mission in the KALTERHERBERG sector of the Corps line.




(Letter, Report after Action Against enemy - November 1944, Hq 5th Arnd Div)

On November 8, CCB was placed under army control and the Division, less CCB, was placed in Corps reserve. CCB continued the defense of the KALTERHERBERG area until relieved by the 99th Division at 1500, 10 November, to VII Corps and moved to the vicinity of WALHORN on 10 November.

CCB was moved to an assembly area in the MODERSCHEID-SCHOPPEN area at 1700 on 11 November, The 85th Cav Rcn Eq was moved to the 102d Cavalry zone in general support of the 102d and the 85th Cav Rcn Sq CP was established three (3) Kilometers Southeast of EUPEN. The remainder of the Division CP moved from MODERSCHEID and closed with the advance CP in the vicinity of NEUDORF at 1500.

From 12 thru 14 November, the Division continued its preparation for action, with CCR in VII Corps Zone at WALHORN preparing a plan of attack against the town of VOSSENACK.

CCA and CCB prepared plans to repel any possible breakthrogh in the North Sector of the V Corps Zone. The Division, in general, continued training for future operations.

During the period from 13 thru 25 November, the 85th Cav Rcn Sq remained in general support of the 102d Cav Group; CCA continued in readiness to support CCB in the event or a possible breakthrough by the enemy. On 17 November, CCB moved from the FAYMONVILLE area to the vicinity of ROTGEN. Further planning was made to repel any possible enemy breakthrough in the LAMMERSDORF-ROTT area. The Division Artillery was moved from the KALTER-HERBERG area to the vicinity of ROTGEN on 18 November.

CCR reverted to Division control from attachment to VII Corps at 1700A, 19 November. At 2400A, 19 November, CCR was attached to the 8th Division. On order of V CORPS, CCB moved the 15th Armd Inf Bn to an assembly area 2 Kilometers East of LAMMERSDORF to provide an immediate available force in event of an enemy attempt to attack towards EUPEN.

Troop "D", 85th Cav Rcn Sq, was attached to CCB, CCR continued in attachment to the 8th Division and was committed on 25 November, in an attack on the town of HURTGEN.

During the period 26 November thru 30 November, the Division, less CCR continued training and planning for future operations.

During the period in which CCR, attached to the 8th Division, was engaged in the HURTGEN-KLEINHAU area, many difficulties were encountered. Enemy mines and soggy ground made movement of tanks almost impossible and intense enemy mortar fire, artillery fire, and anti-personnel mines made dismounted advances most difficult. The 47th Armd Inf Bn and Co C" 22d Armd Engr Bn, suffered heavy casualties from small arms, artillery, and mines. Several Tank Commanders were lost due to enemy time fire and snipers.

On 29 November, the Division, less CCR, was relieved from attachment to V Corps and attached to VII Corps at 1200A. CCR remained attached to




(Letter, Report after Action Against enemy - November 1944, Hq 5th Arnd Div)

8th Infantry Division. The 46th Armored Infantry Battalion (of CCA) moved to the 4th Infantry Division zone and was attached to the 22d Regimental Combat Team by VII Corps. On this date CCR captured KLEINHAU and the high ground to the Northeast in the face of heavy enemy artillery and mortar fire.

On 30 November CCA was attached to the 4th Infantry Division and moved to the 4th Infantry Division Zone at 1000A, closing at 1400A in the vicinity of ZWEIFALL. Preparations were made for the relief of the 85th Cav Rcn Sq and CCB by the 9th Infantry Division in V Corps Sector. The 46th Armored Infantry Battalion attacked with the 22d Regimental Combat Team at 0700A to seize high ground Northeast of KLEINHAU. Resistance was strong and the 46th's casualties mere heavy.


Section I - Personnel Matters

a. Comments made in the September and October report remain generally applicable.

b. As far as replacements are concerned, however, to the problems previously mentioned has been added inadequate stockage of both officer and enlisted replacements. As is usually the case, the proportion of platoon leaders and NC0's lost is greater than privates; while the resultant loss in combat efficiency is often greater. Return of wounded, appointments and promotions or NCO’s have been wholly inadequate to offset losses. Increase in officers and enlisted replacements from the United States is believed the only solution. If this can be done, stockage in the replacement depots can be maintained at high enough levels to permit filling requisitions as they are received.

Section III- Intelligence Matters

From reports of units operating in our immediate area, during the period, it is evident that the enemy is engaging more in night attacks. Some of these night attacks were reported to be in strength approximating one infantry regiment supported by as much as a company of tanks.

Enemy's desire to limit the effectiveness of our artillery and fighter bomber support and his familiarity with the ground were factors which probably caused him to discard his former dislike for night attacks. A marked increase in the number of automatic weapons in German units encountered was noted.

Air Reconnaissance continued to improve and the system as inaugurated whereby broadcast is made from the airfield as soon as pilots return from missions, enabled the Division to keep a much better picture of the enemy situation. Aerial photographs continued to improve. By rapid delivery and interpretation, much timely intelligence was obtained.



(Letter, Report after Action Against enemy - November 1944, Hq 5th Armd Div)

PWs taken during November numbered 77 and the number killed (estimated) was 140.

Section III Operations

Most of the period was devoted to training and maintenance, It should be noted that weather conditions and the locations necessarily occupied by the division made anything but limited training impossible. Crew drill for crew served weapons was carried on daily and a small amount of firing of new and reconditioned weapons was accomplished, During the latter half of the period daily communications exercises were conducted throughout the Division.

Section IV- Supply and Maintenance Matters

Maintenance activities were hampered by lack of suitable hard standing and the excessive distance between line units and the 127th Ordnance Maintenance Battalion.

Personnel of the Division have shown marked improvement in supply discipline regarding the care of empty gasoline cans.

The threatened high casualty rate from Trench Foot was checked by the issue of overshoes. No new cases have been reported since the last issue was completed.

Duck bills (extended track connectors) have materially improved the performance of medium tanks over muddy and soft terrain. Supply during November has permitted each tank to be equipped with duck bills. Performance in winter mud will be further improved when this track modification can be completed.

Trucks of the two (2) attached Quartermaster Truck Companies have averaged seven hundred thirty nine (739) miles per truck per month for the past two months.

The relative comfort and warmth of the newly issued sleeping bag over the regular issue of GI blankets was initially a controversial subject. However, after a short period of trial, all personnel who had given this item a fair trial were universal in their praise of it.

For the Commanding General:

Colonel, C. S. C.,
Chief of Staff



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